The history of the Brazilian Soil Science Society (SBCS) dates back to the IV Inter-American Conference on Agriculture held in Caracas (1945), where the need to create an Inter-American Soil Science Society was recognized, whose consolidation should occur with the creation of the National Soil Science Societies. Based on this recognition and with a considerable number of professionals working in the field of soils, some participants in the 2nd Pan-American Congress of Mines and Geology, held in 1946 in Petrópolis, RJ, defended the need to group research and researchers on the subject based on of more specific scientific meetings. This idea was widely discussed at the 5th Brazilian Congress of Chemistry, held in Porto Alegre, RS, in February 1947, where a new meeting was set for the creation of the Brazilian Society of Soil Science. This meeting was held in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, between October 6th and 20th, 1947, and, at the end of the meeting, in the Conference Room of the Instituto de Química Agrícola (currently Embrapa Solos do Jardim Botânico), the first General Assembly approved the creation of the SBCS.
Since its creation, SBCS is a non-profit scientific and civil entity whose main objective is to bring together people and institutions in the promotion and development of Soil Science in Brazil.
The SBCS Statute defines its main purposes:
a) to promote and increase the intellectual exchange of those working in Soil Science;
b) to disseminate knowledge of scientific methods and rational techniques of exploration, treatment, and conservation of soil and water;
c) adapt and standardize the nomenclature and methods of analysis, study, and representation of the soil;
d) encourage the organization and formation of museums, libraries and databases specialized in Soil Science;
e) collaborate in the Brazilian Soil Classification System organization.
To achieve its purpose, SBCS has held numerous specialized events and periodic meetings for the exchange of associates, as well as the presentation and dissemination of technical and scientific works in Soil Science. Since its creation, SBCS has held 33 national congresses and several meetings such as FertBio, Soil and Water Management and Conservation, the RCC, and the Soil Education Symposium.
From the beginning of this century, SBCS has reached the mark of more than 2,000 participants in its national congresses. In 2010, at the last Brazilian Congress of Soil Science (CBCS) in Uberlândia, the number of papers presented surpassed the 2,500 mark. This same success of participation has reached other SBCS events because in addition to the CBCS, SBCS also promotes, every two years, the Brazilian Meeting of Fertility and Mineral Nutrition of Plants (FertBio), the Brazilian Meeting of Management and Conservation of Soil and Water (RBMCSA), the Brazilian Soil Education Symposium and the Soil Classification and Correlation Meeting (RCC).
In its 75 years of activities, integrated and maintained by about a thousand active members, operating in all regions of the country, SBCS was responsible for profound changes in the productive sector of Brazilian agriculture, based on studies and research produced by its members in different national and international institutions.
SBCS is the most consolidated scientific entity in the field of Agricultural Sciences in the country, with a maturity that qualifies us to present the following proposal, having as main justification the small number of pedologists in Brazil and a great demand for these professionals.
SBCS is proud to contribute to the success of agribusiness and family farming in the Brazilian economy and is committed to fulfilling its role in disseminating and circulating Soil Science knowledge.
Gallery of SBCS presidents
Agronomist Engineer. National Center for Agronomic Education and Research (CNEPA), of the Ministry of Agriculture Founding partner of SBCS.
President in the biennia: 1947/1949, 1951/1953, and 1955/1957.
José Elias de Paiva Neto
Agronomist Engineer. Agronomic Institute of Campinas, São Paulo.
President in the biennium 1949/1951, Vice-President 1947/1949.
Agronomist Engineer. Founding partner.
President in the biennium 1953/1955. Secretary1949/1951.
Chemical Industrial. Founding partner. Institute of Agricultural Chemistry, Ministry of Agriculture, Rio de Janeiro.
President in the biennium 1957/1959.
Agronomist Engineer. National Agricultural Research Service (SNEPA), Ministry of Agriculture, Rio de Janeiro.
Founding Partner and President in the biennia 1959/1961 and 1965/1967.
José Emílio Gonçalves de Araújo
Agronomist Engineer. Ministry of Agriculture. Professor at the Federal University of Pelotas and the Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IICA).
Founding Partner and President in the biennium 1961/1963. Vice-President: 1953/ 1955.
João Wanderley da Costa Lima
Agronomist. Institute of Agricultural Research and Experimentation of the Northeast (IPEANE), Recife. Professor at the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE).
Founding Partner and President in the biennium 1963/1965. Vice-President: 1953/ 1955.
Agronomist Engineer. Professor at the Federal University of Pelotas, RS. Eliseu Maciel School of Agronomy.
Abeilard Fernando de Castro
Agronomist Engineer. National Soil Survey and Conservation Service (SNLCS), Rio de Janeiro. Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ).
President: 1969/1971 and 1971/1973.
Raimundo da Costa Lemos
Agronomist. National Soil Survey and Conservation Service (SNLCS), Rio de Janeiro. Federal University of Santa Maria
President: 1973/1975. Vice-President: 1971/1973.
Luiz Bezerra de Oliveira
Industrial Chemist. Institute of Agricultural Research and Experimentation of the Northeast (IPEANE), Recife and the National Service for Survey and Soil Conservation (SNLCS), Rio de Janeiro, Embrapa.
President: 1975/1977, 1977/1979 and 2003/2005.
Raymundo Fonseca de Sousa
Agronomist Engineer. Eastern Agricultural Research and Experimentation Institute (IPEAL), Cruz das Almas. Federal University of Bahia. Embrapa.
Francisco da Costa Verdade
Agronomist. Campinas Agronomic Institute (IAC), Campinas,
President: 1981/1983 and 1983/1985. Vice-President and 1973/1975.
José Fernando Moraes Gomes
Agronomist Engineer. Coordination of Soil and Water Conservation Ministry of Agriculture.
President: 1985/1987 and 1987/1989.
Fernando Barreto Rodrigues e Silva
Agronomist. National Soil Survey and Conservation Service (SNLCS), Recife and Embrapa.
President: 1989-1991. I Vice-President: 1987/1989.
Agronomist Engineer. Professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRRS). Porto Alegre.
President: 1991/1993 and 1993/1995. I Vice-President: 1987/1989.
Luiz Eduardo Ferreira Fontes
Agronomist Engineer. Professor at the Federal University of Viçosa, MG (UFV)
President: 1995/1997. I Vice President: 1993/1995.
Antonio Ramalho Filho
Agronomist Engineer. National Soil Research Center – Embrapa, Rio de Janeiro.
President: 1997/1999. I Vice-President: 1997/1999
Antonio Carlos Moniz
Bachelor in Natural History. Agronomic Institute of Campinas, SP.
Agronomist. Embrapa-National Soy Research Center, Londrina, President: 2001/2003. 1st.Vice-President.1999/2001.
Mateus Rosas Ribeiro
Agronomist. Professor at the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco.
President 2005/2007.I Vice-President 2003/2005
Flávio Anastácio de Oliveira Camargo
Agronomist Engineer. Professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
President: 2007/2009 and 2009/2011. Vice-President: 2005/2007
Gonçalo Signorelli de Farias
Agronomist Engineer. Researcher at the Agronomic Institute of Paraná (IAPAR)
President: 2011/2013 and
Fatima Maria de Souza Moreira
Agronomist Engineer. Professor at the Federal University of Lavras